Plastic reconstructive and aesthetic surgery is a specialised branch of medicine that involves the restoration, reconstruction and replacement of the human body. It covers a wide range of surgical procedures, both reconstructive and cosmetic, that can improve the function and appearance of various body parts. In this article, we will discuss the different treatments available in plastic reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.
Reconstructive surgery is a type of plastic surgery that aims to repair or reconstruct damaged or defective body parts. It is typically performed to restore the function and improve the appearance of body parts affected by congenital defects, trauma, disease or surgery.
Examples of reconstructive surgery include breast reconstruction after mastectomy, skin grafts for burn victims, and reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate.
Aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is a type of plastic surgery that aims to improve the appearance of otherwise healthy body parts. It is usually performed for purely cosmetic reasons and can help individuals achieve a more youthful, symmetrical or proportionate appearance.
Examples of aesthetic or cosmetic surgery include facelift, breast augmentation or reduction, liposuction and rhinoplasty.
Hand surgery is a specialised type of reconstructive surgery that focuses on treating hand and wrist injuries or conditions that affect hand function. Hand surgeons are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of hand conditions, including carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger and hand fractures.
Examples of hand surgery procedures include carpal tunnel release, tendon repair and joint reconstruction.
Microsurgery is a type of plastic surgery that involves the use of a microscope to perform precise surgical procedures on small body parts such as blood vessels, nerves and lymph nodes. This technique is often used in reconstructive surgery to restore blood flow and nerve function to damaged tissues.
Examples of microsurgical procedures include free flap reconstruction, lymph node transfer and nerve repair.
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